Difference between Writing and Speaking
and the Importance of
you ever wondered if there was a difference between writing and
speaking? Our immediate response may be yes, and the difference
may be that spoken language has sound.
Well, that is true, but not everything.
conversations we use our body language to add to our meaning. In
addition, in a conversation we have an opportunity to explain
ourselves, to insure that the listener is following, and to
provide immediate responses to the listener's questions and need
for clarification. In
writing, we do not have this luxury.
We have only one chance to make our point.
If we are not clear and succinct, we will lose our one and
you talk with people and make assertions, the people you are
talking with do not always challenge you to give reasons for your
statements. They may know why you say what you say, or they may
not want to put you in the spot, so they do not always question
your reasons for the way you feel. On the other hand, the people
who read your writings may not know you, agree with you or know
why you think the way you do.
Consequently, if you want to communicate with them
effectively, you must support any point you make with strong and
solid evidence. So,
any idea that you write must be supported with reasons, evidence
as well as any language has to be flexible and responsive to a
variety of conditions related to the user and to the purpose of
which the language is used. Our primary goals are to provide our
group with the skills needed to have good command of what is
called Standard English.
Schultz, CSUF, tells us that because the written language changes
more slowly than any spoken dialect, standard written English
tends to be less subject to change and less tolerant of variety
than is current American speech. This helps explain why the task
of learning it occupies so much school time, and why all
[students] may have to struggle to master some of its arbitrary
rules. Yet standard written English carries with it great benefits
for those who develop competence in using it, for it is the
language of public life.
ability to handle easily the language of books, newspapers,
magazines and public institutions brings with it access to power.
as ESL students ought to be offered this powerful tool, Standard
English, to succeed in college and in the world of work. To do
well in college, one must be able to understand and write in
Standard English. In addition, to accomplish economic success,
one's language must shift to the pattern of the Standard English,
which I urge my students to acquire.
in speaking, not all writings have to be formal. In speaking, for
example, we all shift our language to suit the situation; if we
are speaking to close friends, we are more relaxed and we can use
a non formal style such as “Wanna’ve a cupa coffee? ” In
contrast, if we are talking to a person of higher status, we say,
“Would you like to have a cup of coffee?”
big question that all of us ask at one point or another is:
“What can I do to write better?” There is no easy answer.
Writing in itself is a process which one learns more and more
about one's skills and how to enhance such skills. There are,
however, some ways that may help you develop a better sense of
progress and at the same time may help you discover new techniques
a daily journal is an excellent way to practice writing and at the
same time check your progress. Some writing professors ask their
students to keep a daily journal and these professors read and
comment their entries. If your teacher, in future writing classes
you may be thinking of taking, assigns such a task, take full
advantage of it. Write everyday and pay attention to your
teachers’ remarks. If, on the other hand, you are not required
to keep a journal, do it anyway – do it for your own benefit.
sure way to enhance your writing skill is reading. Read what
interests you. Read what you have time for. Read newspaper, read
advertisements, and read books. Read as much as you can and try to
think about the way it was written rather than individual words
that puzzled you. Through reading you will acquire several skills
that you will find helpful. When I was studying English as third
language, I would read any paper I found. I would write new
vocabulary and check in the dictionary or ask friends about their
meaning and use.
writing professors will ask their students to maintain a portfolio
throughout the semester. A portfolio is a folder, which contains
various kind of information that has been gathered over time. For
your purpose in the writing class, a portfolio shall be a
collection of all you pre-writing clusters, outlines, revisions,
hand outs, and all other materials used in and out of class
including journals entries. A portfolio provides concrete examples
of a student's abilities and growth over the time period of the
course. It tells both the professor and the student how much
improvement is taking place. It shows what the student has
acquired, and what needs to be worked or more. At the same time it
allows the student to evaluate what has been learned, to set goals
for future learning, and to monitor progress toward the individual
course there are other ways to enhance your writing style that you
may find more suited to you, such as watching documentaries,
watching films or the news and paying attention to style,
vocabulary and grammar. Whatever it takes to reach your goals, do
Writing Your Essay:
is done in several stages. Only
very few writers, if any, can sit down and write a well-written
essay at first trial. For most of us, we have to think, write,
rethink and rewrite several times before we can produce an
effective paper. The
process is done in these steps:
is the first stage inn the writing process. The writer attempts to
listen to the inner voice. This is accomplished through
brainstorming, clustering, debating, outlining, and any other
means to focus the thoughts around the controlling purpose.
actual writing of the first draft involves the formation of the
idea or ideas developed in the previous stage. More attention is
paid to the purpose and focus of the work.
- In this stage, the writer gives a final form to the writing. The
voice of the composition whether serious, intellectual, or funny,
is formed. In revising, the body and the conclusion, the writer
refines what he/she really wants to say.
the revision stage is complete, the essay is now formed and the
author moves to the next stage. In this editing stage, the writer
checks for the effectiveness of the transitions between ideas and
between paragraphs. The writer checks for the development of
generalization, he checks the supporting information such as
details, illustration, and examples. He checks sentence structure,
clarity in the forms and word choice, making sure there are no
fragments, run-on sentences or commas splice, or clichés. In
addition, the writer checks for such grammatical errors as verb
tenses, subject-verb agreement, plural and singular nouns etc.
Now the essay is in its final draft and ready for reader